1//===- llvm/User.h - User class definition ----------------------*- C++ -*-===//
2//
3// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
4// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
5// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
6//
7//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
8//
9// This class defines the interface that one who uses a Value must implement.
10// Each instance of the Value class keeps track of what User's have handles
11// to it.
12//
13// * Instructions are the largest class of Users.
14// * Constants may be users of other constants (think arrays and stuff)
15//
16//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
17
18#ifndef LLVM_IR_USER_H
19#define LLVM_IR_USER_H
20
21#include "llvm/ADT/iterator.h"
22#include "llvm/ADT/iterator_range.h"
23#include "llvm/IR/Use.h"
24#include "llvm/IR/Value.h"
25#include "llvm/Support/Casting.h"
26#include "llvm/Support/Compiler.h"
27#include "llvm/Support/ErrorHandling.h"
28#include <cassert>
29#include <cstddef>
30#include <cstdint>
31#include <iterator>
32
33namespace llvm {
34
35template <typename T> class ArrayRef;
36template <typename T> class MutableArrayRef;
37
38/// Compile-time customization of User operands.
39///
40/// Customizes operand-related allocators and accessors.
41template <class>
42struct OperandTraits;
43
44class User : public Value {
45 template <unsigned>
46 friend struct HungoffOperandTraits;
47
48 LLVM_ATTRIBUTE_ALWAYS_INLINE static void *
49 allocateFixedOperandUser(size_t, unsigned, unsigned);
50
51protected:
52 /// Allocate a User with an operand pointer co-allocated.
53 ///
54 /// This is used for subclasses which need to allocate a variable number
55 /// of operands, ie, 'hung off uses'.
56 void *operator new(size_t Size);
57
58 /// Allocate a User with the operands co-allocated.
59 ///
60 /// This is used for subclasses which have a fixed number of operands.
61 void *operator new(size_t Size, unsigned Us);
62
63 /// Allocate a User with the operands co-allocated. If DescBytes is non-zero
64 /// then allocate an additional DescBytes bytes before the operands. These
65 /// bytes can be accessed by calling getDescriptor.
66 ///
67 /// DescBytes needs to be divisible by sizeof(void *). The allocated
68 /// descriptor, if any, is aligned to sizeof(void *) bytes.
69 ///
70 /// This is used for subclasses which have a fixed number of operands.
71 void *operator new(size_t Size, unsigned Us, unsigned DescBytes);
72
73 User(Type *ty, unsigned vty, Use *, unsigned NumOps)
74 : Value(ty, vty) {
75 assert(NumOps < (1u << NumUserOperandsBits) && "Too many operands");
76 NumUserOperands = NumOps;
77 // If we have hung off uses, then the operand list should initially be
78 // null.
79 assert((!HasHungOffUses || !getOperandList()) &&
80 "Error in initializing hung off uses for User");
81 }
82
83 /// Allocate the array of Uses, followed by a pointer
84 /// (with bottom bit set) to the User.
85 /// \param IsPhi identifies callers which are phi nodes and which need
86 /// N BasicBlock* allocated along with N
87 void allocHungoffUses(unsigned N, bool IsPhi = false);
88
89 /// Grow the number of hung off uses. Note that allocHungoffUses
90 /// should be called if there are no uses.
91 void growHungoffUses(unsigned N, bool IsPhi = false);
92
93protected:
94 ~User() = default; // Use deleteValue() to delete a generic Instruction.
95
96public:
97 User(const User &) = delete;
98
99 /// Free memory allocated for User and Use objects.
100 void operator delete(void *Usr);
101 /// Placement delete - required by std, called if the ctor throws.
102 void operator delete(void *Usr, unsigned) {
103 // Note: If a subclass manipulates the information which is required to calculate the
104 // Usr memory pointer, e.g. NumUserOperands, the operator delete of that subclass has
105 // to restore the changed information to the original value, since the dtor of that class
106 // is not called if the ctor fails.
107 User::operator delete(Usr);
108
109#ifndef LLVM_ENABLE_EXCEPTIONS
110 llvm_unreachable("Constructor throws?");
111#endif
112 }
113 /// Placement delete - required by std, called if the ctor throws.
114 void operator delete(void *Usr, unsigned, unsigned) {
115 // Note: If a subclass manipulates the information which is required to calculate the
116 // Usr memory pointer, e.g. NumUserOperands, the operator delete of that subclass has
117 // to restore the changed information to the original value, since the dtor of that class
118 // is not called if the ctor fails.
119 User::operator delete(Usr);
120
121#ifndef LLVM_ENABLE_EXCEPTIONS
122 llvm_unreachable("Constructor throws?");
123#endif
124 }
125
126protected:
127 template <int Idx, typename U> static Use &OpFrom(const U *that) {
128 return Idx < 0
129 ? OperandTraits<U>::op_end(const_cast<U*>(that))[Idx]
130 : OperandTraits<U>::op_begin(const_cast<U*>(that))[Idx];
131 }
132
133 template <int Idx> Use &Op() {
134 return OpFrom<Idx>(this);
135 }
136 template <int Idx> const Use &Op() const {
137 return OpFrom<Idx>(this);
138 }
139
140private:
141 const Use *getHungOffOperands() const {
142 return *(reinterpret_cast<const Use *const *>(this) - 1);
143 }
144
145 Use *&getHungOffOperands() { return *(reinterpret_cast<Use **>(this) - 1); }
146
147 const Use *getIntrusiveOperands() const {
148 return reinterpret_cast<const Use *>(this) - NumUserOperands;
149 }
150
151 Use *getIntrusiveOperands() {
152 return reinterpret_cast<Use *>(this) - NumUserOperands;
153 }
154
155 void setOperandList(Use *NewList) {
156 assert(HasHungOffUses &&
157 "Setting operand list only required for hung off uses");
158 getHungOffOperands() = NewList;
159 }
160
161public:
162 const Use *getOperandList() const {
163 return HasHungOffUses ? getHungOffOperands() : getIntrusiveOperands();
164 }
165 Use *getOperandList() {
166 return const_cast<Use *>(static_cast<const User *>(this)->getOperandList());
167 }
168
169 Value *getOperand(unsigned i) const {
170 assert(i < NumUserOperands && "getOperand() out of range!");
171 return getOperandList()[i];
172 }
173
174 void setOperand(unsigned i, Value *Val) {
175 assert(i < NumUserOperands && "setOperand() out of range!");
176 assert((!isa<Constant>((const Value*)this) ||
177 isa<GlobalValue>((const Value*)this)) &&
178 "Cannot mutate a constant with setOperand!");
179 getOperandList()[i] = Val;
180 }
181
182 const Use &getOperandUse(unsigned i) const {
183 assert(i < NumUserOperands && "getOperandUse() out of range!");
184 return getOperandList()[i];
185 }
186 Use &getOperandUse(unsigned i) {
187 assert(i < NumUserOperands && "getOperandUse() out of range!");
188 return getOperandList()[i];
189 }
190
191 unsigned getNumOperands() const { return NumUserOperands; }
192
193 /// Returns the descriptor co-allocated with this User instance.
194 ArrayRef<const uint8_t> getDescriptor() const;
195
196 /// Returns the descriptor co-allocated with this User instance.
197 MutableArrayRef<uint8_t> getDescriptor();
198
199 /// Set the number of operands on a GlobalVariable.
200 ///
201 /// GlobalVariable always allocates space for a single operands, but
202 /// doesn't always use it.
203 ///
204 /// FIXME: As that the number of operands is used to find the start of
205 /// the allocated memory in operator delete, we need to always think we have
206 /// 1 operand before delete.
207 void setGlobalVariableNumOperands(unsigned NumOps) {
208 assert(NumOps <= 1 && "GlobalVariable can only have 0 or 1 operands");
209 NumUserOperands = NumOps;
210 }
211
212 /// Subclasses with hung off uses need to manage the operand count
213 /// themselves. In these instances, the operand count isn't used to find the
214 /// OperandList, so there's no issue in having the operand count change.
215 void setNumHungOffUseOperands(unsigned NumOps) {
216 assert(HasHungOffUses && "Must have hung off uses to use this method");
217 assert(NumOps < (1u << NumUserOperandsBits) && "Too many operands");
218 NumUserOperands = NumOps;
219 }
220
221 /// A droppable user is a user for which uses can be dropped without affecting
222 /// correctness and should be dropped rather than preventing a transformation
223 /// from happening.
224 bool isDroppable() const;
225
226 // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
227 // Operand Iterator interface...
228 //
229 using op_iterator = Use*;
230 using const_op_iterator = const Use*;
231 using op_range = iterator_range<op_iterator>;
232 using const_op_range = iterator_range<const_op_iterator>;
233
234 op_iterator op_begin() { return getOperandList(); }
235 const_op_iterator op_begin() const { return getOperandList(); }
236 op_iterator op_end() {
237 return getOperandList() + NumUserOperands;
238 }
239 const_op_iterator op_end() const {
240 return getOperandList() + NumUserOperands;
241 }
242 op_range operands() {
243 return op_range(op_begin(), op_end());
244 }
245 const_op_range operands() const {
246 return const_op_range(op_begin(), op_end());
247 }
248
249 /// Iterator for directly iterating over the operand Values.
250 struct value_op_iterator
251 : iterator_adaptor_base<value_op_iterator, op_iterator,
252 std::random_access_iterator_tag, Value *,
253 ptrdiff_t, Value *, Value *> {
254 explicit value_op_iterator(Use *U = nullptr) : iterator_adaptor_base(U) {}
255
256 Value *operator*() const { return *I; }
257 Value *operator->() const { return operator*(); }
258 };
259
260 value_op_iterator value_op_begin() {
261 return value_op_iterator(op_begin());
262 }
263 value_op_iterator value_op_end() {
264 return value_op_iterator(op_end());
265 }
266 iterator_range<value_op_iterator> operand_values() {
267 return make_range(value_op_begin(), value_op_end());
268 }
269
270 struct const_value_op_iterator
271 : iterator_adaptor_base<const_value_op_iterator, const_op_iterator,
272 std::random_access_iterator_tag, const Value *,
273 ptrdiff_t, const Value *, const Value *> {
274 explicit const_value_op_iterator(const Use *U = nullptr) :
275 iterator_adaptor_base(U) {}
276
277 const Value *operator*() const { return *I; }
278 const Value *operator->() const { return operator*(); }
279 };
280
281 const_value_op_iterator value_op_begin() const {
282 return const_value_op_iterator(op_begin());
283 }
284 const_value_op_iterator value_op_end() const {
285 return const_value_op_iterator(op_end());
286 }
287 iterator_range<const_value_op_iterator> operand_values() const {
288 return make_range(value_op_begin(), value_op_end());
289 }
290
291 /// Drop all references to operands.
292 ///
293 /// This function is in charge of "letting go" of all objects that this User
294 /// refers to. This allows one to 'delete' a whole class at a time, even
295 /// though there may be circular references... First all references are
296 /// dropped, and all use counts go to zero. Then everything is deleted for
297 /// real. Note that no operations are valid on an object that has "dropped
298 /// all references", except operator delete.
299 void dropAllReferences() {
300 for (Use &U : operands())
301 U.set(nullptr);
302 }
303
304 /// Replace uses of one Value with another.
305 ///
306 /// Replaces all references to the "From" definition with references to the
307 /// "To" definition. Returns whether any uses were replaced.
308 bool replaceUsesOfWith(Value *From, Value *To);
309
310 // Methods for support type inquiry through isa, cast, and dyn_cast:
311 static bool classof(const Value *V) {
312 return isa<Instruction>(V) || isa<Constant>(V);
313 }
314};
315
316// Either Use objects, or a Use pointer can be prepended to User.
317static_assert(alignof(Use) >= alignof(User),
318 "Alignment is insufficient after objects prepended to User");
319static_assert(alignof(Use *) >= alignof(User),
320 "Alignment is insufficient after objects prepended to User");
321
322template<> struct simplify_type<User::op_iterator> {
323 using SimpleType = Value*;
324
325 static SimpleType getSimplifiedValue(User::op_iterator &Val) {
326 return Val->get();
327 }
328};
329template<> struct simplify_type<User::const_op_iterator> {
330 using SimpleType = /*const*/ Value*;
331
332 static SimpleType getSimplifiedValue(User::const_op_iterator &Val) {
333 return Val->get();
334 }
335};
336
337} // end namespace llvm
338
339#endif // LLVM_IR_USER_H
340

source code of llvm/include/llvm/IR/User.h