1// The -*- C++ -*- dynamic memory management header.
2
3// Copyright (C) 1994-2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
4
5// This file is part of GCC.
6//
7// GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
8// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
9// the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
10// any later version.
11//
12// GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
15// GNU General Public License for more details.
16//
17// Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
18// permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, version
19// 3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
20
21// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
22// a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
23// see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see
24// <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
25
26/** @file new
27 * This is a Standard C++ Library header.
28 *
29 * The header @c new defines several functions to manage dynamic memory and
30 * handling memory allocation errors; see
31 * http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/libstdc++/18_support/howto.html#4 for more.
32 */
33
34#ifndef _NEW
35#define _NEW
36
37#pragma GCC system_header
38
39#include <bits/c++config.h>
40#include <exception>
41
42#pragma GCC visibility push(default)
43
44extern "C++" {
45
46namespace std
47{
48 /**
49 * @brief Exception possibly thrown by @c new.
50 * @ingroup exceptions
51 *
52 * @c bad_alloc (or classes derived from it) is used to report allocation
53 * errors from the throwing forms of @c new. */
54 class bad_alloc : public exception
55 {
56 public:
57 bad_alloc() throw() { }
58
59#if __cplusplus >= 201103L
60 bad_alloc(const bad_alloc&) = default;
61 bad_alloc& operator=(const bad_alloc&) = default;
62#endif
63
64 // This declaration is not useless:
65 // http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-3.0.2/gcc_6.html#SEC118
66 virtual ~bad_alloc() throw();
67
68 // See comment in eh_exception.cc.
69 virtual const char* what() const throw();
70 };
71
72#if __cplusplus >= 201103L
73 class bad_array_new_length : public bad_alloc
74 {
75 public:
76 bad_array_new_length() throw() { }
77
78 // This declaration is not useless:
79 // http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-3.0.2/gcc_6.html#SEC118
80 virtual ~bad_array_new_length() throw();
81
82 // See comment in eh_exception.cc.
83 virtual const char* what() const throw();
84 };
85#endif
86
87#if __cpp_aligned_new
88 enum class align_val_t: size_t {};
89#endif
90
91 struct nothrow_t
92 {
93#if __cplusplus >= 201103L
94 explicit nothrow_t() = default;
95#endif
96 };
97
98 extern const nothrow_t nothrow;
99
100 /** If you write your own error handler to be called by @c new, it must
101 * be of this type. */
102 typedef void (*new_handler)();
103
104 /// Takes a replacement handler as the argument, returns the
105 /// previous handler.
106 new_handler set_new_handler(new_handler) throw();
107
108#if __cplusplus >= 201103L
109 /// Return the current new handler.
110 new_handler get_new_handler() noexcept;
111#endif
112} // namespace std
113
114//@{
115/** These are replaceable signatures:
116 * - normal single new and delete (no arguments, throw @c bad_alloc on error)
117 * - normal array new and delete (same)
118 * - @c nothrow single new and delete (take a @c nothrow argument, return
119 * @c NULL on error)
120 * - @c nothrow array new and delete (same)
121 *
122 * Placement new and delete signatures (take a memory address argument,
123 * does nothing) may not be replaced by a user's program.
124*/
125_GLIBCXX_NODISCARD void* operator new(std::size_t) _GLIBCXX_THROW (std::bad_alloc)
126 __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
127_GLIBCXX_NODISCARD void* operator new[](std::size_t) _GLIBCXX_THROW (std::bad_alloc)
128 __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
129void operator delete(void*) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT
130 __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
131void operator delete[](void*) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT
132 __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
133#if __cpp_sized_deallocation
134void operator delete(void*, std::size_t) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT
135 __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
136void operator delete[](void*, std::size_t) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT
137 __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
138#endif
139_GLIBCXX_NODISCARD void* operator new(std::size_t, const std::nothrow_t&) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT
140 __attribute__((__externally_visible__, __malloc__));
141_GLIBCXX_NODISCARD void* operator new[](std::size_t, const std::nothrow_t&) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT
142 __attribute__((__externally_visible__, __malloc__));
143void operator delete(void*, const std::nothrow_t&) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT
144 __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
145void operator delete[](void*, const std::nothrow_t&) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT
146 __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
147#if __cpp_aligned_new
148_GLIBCXX_NODISCARD void* operator new(std::size_t, std::align_val_t)
149 __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
150_GLIBCXX_NODISCARD void* operator new(std::size_t, std::align_val_t, const std::nothrow_t&)
151 _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT __attribute__((__externally_visible__, __malloc__));
152void operator delete(void*, std::align_val_t)
153 _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
154void operator delete(void*, std::align_val_t, const std::nothrow_t&)
155 _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
156_GLIBCXX_NODISCARD void* operator new[](std::size_t, std::align_val_t)
157 __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
158_GLIBCXX_NODISCARD void* operator new[](std::size_t, std::align_val_t, const std::nothrow_t&)
159 _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT __attribute__((__externally_visible__, __malloc__));
160void operator delete[](void*, std::align_val_t)
161 _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
162void operator delete[](void*, std::align_val_t, const std::nothrow_t&)
163 _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
164#if __cpp_sized_deallocation
165void operator delete(void*, std::size_t, std::align_val_t)
166 _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
167void operator delete[](void*, std::size_t, std::align_val_t)
168 _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT __attribute__((__externally_visible__));
169#endif // __cpp_sized_deallocation
170#endif // __cpp_aligned_new
171
172// Default placement versions of operator new.
173_GLIBCXX_NODISCARD inline void* operator new(std::size_t, void* __p) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT
174{ return __p; }
175_GLIBCXX_NODISCARD inline void* operator new[](std::size_t, void* __p) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT
176{ return __p; }
177
178// Default placement versions of operator delete.
179inline void operator delete (void*, void*) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT { }
180inline void operator delete[](void*, void*) _GLIBCXX_USE_NOEXCEPT { }
181//@}
182} // extern "C++"
183
184#if __cplusplus >= 201703L
185#ifdef _GLIBCXX_HAVE_BUILTIN_LAUNDER
186namespace std
187{
188#define __cpp_lib_launder 201606
189 /// Pointer optimization barrier [ptr.launder]
190 template<typename _Tp>
191 [[nodiscard]] constexpr _Tp*
192 launder(_Tp* __p) noexcept
193 { return __builtin_launder(__p); }
194
195 // The program is ill-formed if T is a function type or
196 // (possibly cv-qualified) void.
197
198 template<typename _Ret, typename... _Args _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT_PARM>
199 void launder(_Ret (*)(_Args...) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT_QUAL) = delete;
200 template<typename _Ret, typename... _Args _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT_PARM>
201 void launder(_Ret (*)(_Args......) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT_QUAL) = delete;
202
203 void launder(void*) = delete;
204 void launder(const void*) = delete;
205 void launder(volatile void*) = delete;
206 void launder(const volatile void*) = delete;
207}
208#endif // _GLIBCXX_HAVE_BUILTIN_LAUNDER
209#endif // C++17
210
211#if __cplusplus > 201703L
212namespace std
213{
214 struct destroying_delete_t
215 {
216 explicit destroying_delete_t() = default;
217 };
218 inline constexpr destroying_delete_t destroying_delete{};
219}
220// Only define the feature test macro if the compiler supports the feature:
221#if __cpp_impl_destroying_delete
222# define __cpp_lib_destroying_delete 201806L
223#endif
224#endif // C++20
225
226#pragma GCC visibility pop
227
228#endif
229

source code of include/c++/9/new