1/* Data structure for communication from the run-time dynamic linker for
2 loaded ELF shared objects.
3 Copyright (C) 1995-2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
4 This file is part of the GNU C Library.
5
6 The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
7 modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
8 License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
9 version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
10
11 The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12 but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13 MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
14 Lesser General Public License for more details.
15
16 You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
17 License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
18 <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
19
20#ifndef _PRIVATE_LINK_H
21#define _PRIVATE_LINK_H 1
22
23#ifdef _LINK_H
24# error this should be impossible
25#endif
26
27# ifndef _ISOMAC
28/* Get most of the contents from the public header, but we define a
29 different `struct link_map' type for private use. The la_objopen
30 prototype uses the type, so we have to declare it separately. */
31# define link_map link_map_public
32# define la_objopen la_objopen_wrongproto
33# endif
34
35#include <elf/link.h>
36
37# ifndef _ISOMAC
38
39#undef link_map
40#undef la_objopen
41
42struct link_map;
43extern unsigned int la_objopen (struct link_map *__map, Lmid_t __lmid,
44 uintptr_t *__cookie);
45
46#include <stdint.h>
47#include <stddef.h>
48#include <linkmap.h>
49#include <dl-fileid.h>
50#include <dl-lookupcfg.h>
51#include <tls.h>
52#include <libc-lock.h>
53
54
55/* Some internal data structures of the dynamic linker used in the
56 linker map. We only provide forward declarations. */
57struct libname_list;
58struct r_found_version;
59struct r_search_path_elem;
60
61/* Forward declaration. */
62struct link_map;
63
64/* Structure to describe a single list of scope elements. The lookup
65 functions get passed an array of pointers to such structures. */
66struct r_scope_elem
67{
68 /* Array of maps for the scope. */
69 struct link_map **r_list;
70 /* Number of entries in the scope. */
71 unsigned int r_nlist;
72};
73
74
75/* Structure to record search path and allocation mechanism. */
76struct r_search_path_struct
77 {
78 struct r_search_path_elem **dirs;
79 int malloced;
80 };
81
82/* Search path information computed by _dl_init_paths. */
83extern struct r_search_path_struct __rtld_search_dirs attribute_hidden;
84extern struct r_search_path_struct __rtld_env_path_list attribute_hidden;
85
86/* Structure describing a loaded shared object. The `l_next' and `l_prev'
87 members form a chain of all the shared objects loaded at startup.
88
89 These data structures exist in space used by the run-time dynamic linker;
90 modifying them may have disastrous results.
91
92 This data structure might change in future, if necessary. User-level
93 programs must avoid defining objects of this type. */
94
95struct link_map
96 {
97 /* These first few members are part of the protocol with the debugger.
98 This is the same format used in SVR4. */
99
100 ElfW(Addr) l_addr; /* Difference between the address in the ELF
101 file and the addresses in memory. */
102 char *l_name; /* Absolute file name object was found in. */
103 ElfW(Dyn) *l_ld; /* Dynamic section of the shared object. */
104 struct link_map *l_next, *l_prev; /* Chain of loaded objects. */
105
106 /* All following members are internal to the dynamic linker.
107 They may change without notice. */
108
109 /* This is an element which is only ever different from a pointer to
110 the very same copy of this type for ld.so when it is used in more
111 than one namespace. */
112 struct link_map *l_real;
113
114 /* Number of the namespace this link map belongs to. */
115 Lmid_t l_ns;
116
117 struct libname_list *l_libname;
118 /* Indexed pointers to dynamic section.
119 [0,DT_NUM) are indexed by the processor-independent tags.
120 [DT_NUM,DT_NUM+DT_THISPROCNUM) are indexed by the tag minus DT_LOPROC.
121 [DT_NUM+DT_THISPROCNUM,DT_NUM+DT_THISPROCNUM+DT_VERSIONTAGNUM) are
122 indexed by DT_VERSIONTAGIDX(tagvalue).
123 [DT_NUM+DT_THISPROCNUM+DT_VERSIONTAGNUM,
124 DT_NUM+DT_THISPROCNUM+DT_VERSIONTAGNUM+DT_EXTRANUM) are indexed by
125 DT_EXTRATAGIDX(tagvalue).
126 [DT_NUM+DT_THISPROCNUM+DT_VERSIONTAGNUM+DT_EXTRANUM,
127 DT_NUM+DT_THISPROCNUM+DT_VERSIONTAGNUM+DT_EXTRANUM+DT_VALNUM) are
128 indexed by DT_VALTAGIDX(tagvalue) and
129 [DT_NUM+DT_THISPROCNUM+DT_VERSIONTAGNUM+DT_EXTRANUM+DT_VALNUM,
130 DT_NUM+DT_THISPROCNUM+DT_VERSIONTAGNUM+DT_EXTRANUM+DT_VALNUM+DT_ADDRNUM)
131 are indexed by DT_ADDRTAGIDX(tagvalue), see <elf.h>. */
132
133 ElfW(Dyn) *l_info[DT_NUM + DT_THISPROCNUM + DT_VERSIONTAGNUM
134 + DT_EXTRANUM + DT_VALNUM + DT_ADDRNUM];
135 const ElfW(Phdr) *l_phdr; /* Pointer to program header table in core. */
136 ElfW(Addr) l_entry; /* Entry point location. */
137 ElfW(Half) l_phnum; /* Number of program header entries. */
138 ElfW(Half) l_ldnum; /* Number of dynamic segment entries. */
139
140 /* Array of DT_NEEDED dependencies and their dependencies, in
141 dependency order for symbol lookup (with and without
142 duplicates). There is no entry before the dependencies have
143 been loaded. */
144 struct r_scope_elem l_searchlist;
145
146 /* We need a special searchlist to process objects marked with
147 DT_SYMBOLIC. */
148 struct r_scope_elem l_symbolic_searchlist;
149
150 /* Dependent object that first caused this object to be loaded. */
151 struct link_map *l_loader;
152
153 /* Array with version names. */
154 struct r_found_version *l_versions;
155 unsigned int l_nversions;
156
157 /* Symbol hash table. */
158 Elf_Symndx l_nbuckets;
159 Elf32_Word l_gnu_bitmask_idxbits;
160 Elf32_Word l_gnu_shift;
161 const ElfW(Addr) *l_gnu_bitmask;
162 union
163 {
164 const Elf32_Word *l_gnu_buckets;
165 const Elf_Symndx *l_chain;
166 };
167 union
168 {
169 const Elf32_Word *l_gnu_chain_zero;
170 const Elf_Symndx *l_buckets;
171 };
172
173 unsigned int l_direct_opencount; /* Reference count for dlopen/dlclose. */
174 enum /* Where this object came from. */
175 {
176 lt_executable, /* The main executable program. */
177 lt_library, /* Library needed by main executable. */
178 lt_loaded /* Extra run-time loaded shared object. */
179 } l_type:2;
180 unsigned int l_relocated:1; /* Nonzero if object's relocations done. */
181 unsigned int l_init_called:1; /* Nonzero if DT_INIT function called. */
182 unsigned int l_global:1; /* Nonzero if object in _dl_global_scope. */
183 unsigned int l_reserved:2; /* Reserved for internal use. */
184 unsigned int l_main_map:1; /* Nonzero for the map of the main program. */
185 unsigned int l_visited:1; /* Used internally for map dependency
186 graph traversal. */
187 unsigned int l_map_used:1; /* These two bits are used during traversal */
188 unsigned int l_map_done:1; /* of maps in _dl_close_worker. */
189 unsigned int l_phdr_allocated:1; /* Nonzero if the data structure pointed
190 to by `l_phdr' is allocated. */
191 unsigned int l_soname_added:1; /* Nonzero if the SONAME is for sure in
192 the l_libname list. */
193 unsigned int l_faked:1; /* Nonzero if this is a faked descriptor
194 without associated file. */
195 unsigned int l_need_tls_init:1; /* Nonzero if GL(dl_init_static_tls)
196 should be called on this link map
197 when relocation finishes. */
198 unsigned int l_auditing:1; /* Nonzero if the DSO is used in auditing. */
199 unsigned int l_audit_any_plt:1; /* Nonzero if at least one audit module
200 is interested in the PLT interception.*/
201 unsigned int l_removed:1; /* Nozero if the object cannot be used anymore
202 since it is removed. */
203 unsigned int l_contiguous:1; /* Nonzero if inter-segment holes are
204 mprotected or if no holes are present at
205 all. */
206 unsigned int l_symbolic_in_local_scope:1; /* Nonzero if l_local_scope
207 during LD_TRACE_PRELINKING=1
208 contains any DT_SYMBOLIC
209 libraries. */
210 unsigned int l_free_initfini:1; /* Nonzero if l_initfini can be
211 freed, ie. not allocated with
212 the dummy malloc in ld.so. */
213 unsigned int l_ld_readonly:1; /* Nonzero if dynamic section is readonly. */
214 unsigned int l_find_object_processed:1; /* Zero if _dl_find_object_update
215 needs to process this
216 lt_library map. */
217
218 /* NODELETE status of the map. Only valid for maps of type
219 lt_loaded. Lazy binding sets l_nodelete_active directly,
220 potentially from signal handlers. Initial loading of an
221 DF_1_NODELETE object set l_nodelete_pending. Relocation may
222 set l_nodelete_pending as well. l_nodelete_pending maps are
223 promoted to l_nodelete_active status in the final stages of
224 dlopen, prior to calling ELF constructors. dlclose only
225 refuses to unload l_nodelete_active maps, the pending status is
226 ignored. */
227 bool l_nodelete_active;
228 bool l_nodelete_pending;
229
230#include <link_map.h>
231
232 /* Collected information about own RPATH directories. */
233 struct r_search_path_struct l_rpath_dirs;
234
235 /* Collected results of relocation while profiling. */
236 struct reloc_result
237 {
238 DL_FIXUP_VALUE_TYPE addr;
239 struct link_map *bound;
240 unsigned int boundndx;
241 uint32_t enterexit;
242 unsigned int flags;
243 /* CONCURRENCY NOTE: This is used to guard the concurrent initialization
244 of the relocation result across multiple threads. See the more
245 detailed notes in elf/dl-runtime.c. */
246 unsigned int init;
247 } *l_reloc_result;
248
249 /* Pointer to the version information if available. */
250 ElfW(Versym) *l_versyms;
251
252 /* String specifying the path where this object was found. */
253 const char *l_origin;
254
255 /* Start and finish of memory map for this object. l_map_start
256 need not be the same as l_addr. */
257 ElfW(Addr) l_map_start, l_map_end;
258 /* End of the executable part of the mapping. */
259 ElfW(Addr) l_text_end;
260
261 /* Default array for 'l_scope'. */
262 struct r_scope_elem *l_scope_mem[4];
263 /* Size of array allocated for 'l_scope'. */
264 size_t l_scope_max;
265 /* This is an array defining the lookup scope for this link map.
266 There are initially at most three different scope lists. */
267 struct r_scope_elem **l_scope;
268
269 /* A similar array, this time only with the local scope. This is
270 used occasionally. */
271 struct r_scope_elem *l_local_scope[2];
272
273 /* This information is kept to check for sure whether a shared
274 object is the same as one already loaded. */
275 struct r_file_id l_file_id;
276
277 /* Collected information about own RUNPATH directories. */
278 struct r_search_path_struct l_runpath_dirs;
279
280 /* List of object in order of the init and fini calls. */
281 struct link_map **l_initfini;
282
283 /* List of the dependencies introduced through symbol binding. */
284 struct link_map_reldeps
285 {
286 unsigned int act;
287 struct link_map *list[];
288 } *l_reldeps;
289 unsigned int l_reldepsmax;
290
291 /* Nonzero if the DSO is used. */
292 unsigned int l_used;
293
294 /* Various flag words. */
295 ElfW(Word) l_feature_1;
296 ElfW(Word) l_flags_1;
297 ElfW(Word) l_flags;
298
299 /* Temporarily used in `dl_close'. */
300 int l_idx;
301
302 struct link_map_machine l_mach;
303
304 struct
305 {
306 const ElfW(Sym) *sym;
307 int type_class;
308 struct link_map *value;
309 const ElfW(Sym) *ret;
310 } l_lookup_cache;
311
312 /* Thread-local storage related info. */
313
314 /* Start of the initialization image. */
315 void *l_tls_initimage;
316 /* Size of the initialization image. */
317 size_t l_tls_initimage_size;
318 /* Size of the TLS block. */
319 size_t l_tls_blocksize;
320 /* Alignment requirement of the TLS block. */
321 size_t l_tls_align;
322 /* Offset of first byte module alignment. */
323 size_t l_tls_firstbyte_offset;
324#ifndef NO_TLS_OFFSET
325# define NO_TLS_OFFSET 0
326#endif
327#ifndef FORCED_DYNAMIC_TLS_OFFSET
328# if NO_TLS_OFFSET == 0
329# define FORCED_DYNAMIC_TLS_OFFSET -1
330# elif NO_TLS_OFFSET == -1
331# define FORCED_DYNAMIC_TLS_OFFSET -2
332# else
333# error "FORCED_DYNAMIC_TLS_OFFSET is not defined"
334# endif
335#endif
336 /* For objects present at startup time: offset in the static TLS block. */
337 ptrdiff_t l_tls_offset;
338 /* Index of the module in the dtv array. */
339 size_t l_tls_modid;
340
341 /* Number of thread_local objects constructed by this DSO. This is
342 atomically accessed and modified and is not always protected by the load
343 lock. See also: CONCURRENCY NOTES in cxa_thread_atexit_impl.c. */
344 size_t l_tls_dtor_count;
345
346 /* Information used to change permission after the relocations are
347 done. */
348 ElfW(Addr) l_relro_addr;
349 size_t l_relro_size;
350
351 unsigned long long int l_serial;
352 };
353
354#include <dl-relocate-ld.h>
355
356/* Information used by audit modules. For most link maps, this data
357 immediate follows the link map in memory. For the dynamic linker,
358 it is allocated separately. See link_map_audit_state in
359 <ldsodefs.h>. */
360struct auditstate
361{
362 uintptr_t cookie;
363 unsigned int bindflags;
364};
365
366
367/* This is the hidden instance of struct r_debug_extended used by the
368 dynamic linker. */
369extern struct r_debug_extended _r_debug_extended attribute_hidden;
370
371#if __ELF_NATIVE_CLASS == 32
372# define symbind symbind32
373# define LA_SYMBIND "la_symbind32"
374#elif __ELF_NATIVE_CLASS == 64
375# define symbind symbind64
376# define LA_SYMBIND "la_symbind64"
377#else
378# error "__ELF_NATIVE_CLASS must be defined"
379#endif
380
381extern int __dl_iterate_phdr (int (*callback) (struct dl_phdr_info *info,
382 size_t size, void *data),
383 void *data);
384hidden_proto (__dl_iterate_phdr)
385
386/* We use this macro to refer to ELF macros independent of the native
387 wordsize. `ELFW(R_TYPE)' is used in place of `ELF32_R_TYPE' or
388 `ELF64_R_TYPE'. */
389#define ELFW(type) _ElfW (ELF, __ELF_NATIVE_CLASS, type)
390
391# endif /* !_ISOMAC */
392#endif /* include/link.h */
393

source code of glibc/include/link.h