1/*
2 Copyright (C) 1995-2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
3
4 The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
5 modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
6 License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
7 version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
8
9 The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
10 but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
11 MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
12 Lesser General Public License for more details.
13
14 You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
15 License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
16 <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
17
18/*
19 Copyright (C) 1983 Regents of the University of California.
20 All rights reserved.
21
22 Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
23 modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
24 are met:
25
26 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
27 notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
28 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
29 notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
30 documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
31 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
32 may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
33 without specific prior written permission.
34
35 THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
36 ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
37 IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
38 ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
39 FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
40 DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
41 OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
42 HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
43 LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
44 OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
45 SUCH DAMAGE.*/
46
47/*
48 * This is derived from the Berkeley source:
49 * @(#)random.c 5.5 (Berkeley) 7/6/88
50 * It was reworked for the GNU C Library by Roland McGrath.
51 * Rewritten to be reentrant by Ulrich Drepper, 1995
52 */
53
54#include <errno.h>
55#include <limits.h>
56#include <stddef.h>
57#include <stdlib.h>
58
59
60/* An improved random number generation package. In addition to the standard
61 rand()/srand() like interface, this package also has a special state info
62 interface. The initstate() routine is called with a seed, an array of
63 bytes, and a count of how many bytes are being passed in; this array is
64 then initialized to contain information for random number generation with
65 that much state information. Good sizes for the amount of state
66 information are 32, 64, 128, and 256 bytes. The state can be switched by
67 calling the setstate() function with the same array as was initialized
68 with initstate(). By default, the package runs with 128 bytes of state
69 information and generates far better random numbers than a linear
70 congruential generator. If the amount of state information is less than
71 32 bytes, a simple linear congruential R.N.G. is used. Internally, the
72 state information is treated as an array of longs; the zeroth element of
73 the array is the type of R.N.G. being used (small integer); the remainder
74 of the array is the state information for the R.N.G. Thus, 32 bytes of
75 state information will give 7 longs worth of state information, which will
76 allow a degree seven polynomial. (Note: The zeroth word of state
77 information also has some other information stored in it; see setstate
78 for details). The random number generation technique is a linear feedback
79 shift register approach, employing trinomials (since there are fewer terms
80 to sum up that way). In this approach, the least significant bit of all
81 the numbers in the state table will act as a linear feedback shift register,
82 and will have period 2^deg - 1 (where deg is the degree of the polynomial
83 being used, assuming that the polynomial is irreducible and primitive).
84 The higher order bits will have longer periods, since their values are
85 also influenced by pseudo-random carries out of the lower bits. The
86 total period of the generator is approximately deg*(2**deg - 1); thus
87 doubling the amount of state information has a vast influence on the
88 period of the generator. Note: The deg*(2**deg - 1) is an approximation
89 only good for large deg, when the period of the shift register is the
90 dominant factor. With deg equal to seven, the period is actually much
91 longer than the 7*(2**7 - 1) predicted by this formula. */
92
93
94
95/* For each of the currently supported random number generators, we have a
96 break value on the amount of state information (you need at least this many
97 bytes of state info to support this random number generator), a degree for
98 the polynomial (actually a trinomial) that the R.N.G. is based on, and
99 separation between the two lower order coefficients of the trinomial. */
100
101/* Linear congruential. */
102#define TYPE_0 0
103#define BREAK_0 8
104#define DEG_0 0
105#define SEP_0 0
106
107/* x**7 + x**3 + 1. */
108#define TYPE_1 1
109#define BREAK_1 32
110#define DEG_1 7
111#define SEP_1 3
112
113/* x**15 + x + 1. */
114#define TYPE_2 2
115#define BREAK_2 64
116#define DEG_2 15
117#define SEP_2 1
118
119/* x**31 + x**3 + 1. */
120#define TYPE_3 3
121#define BREAK_3 128
122#define DEG_3 31
123#define SEP_3 3
124
125/* x**63 + x + 1. */
126#define TYPE_4 4
127#define BREAK_4 256
128#define DEG_4 63
129#define SEP_4 1
130
131
132/* Array versions of the above information to make code run faster.
133 Relies on fact that TYPE_i == i. */
134
135#define MAX_TYPES 5 /* Max number of types above. */
136
137struct random_poly_info
138{
139 int seps[MAX_TYPES];
140 int degrees[MAX_TYPES];
141};
142
143static const struct random_poly_info random_poly_info =
144{
145 { SEP_0, SEP_1, SEP_2, SEP_3, SEP_4 },
146 { DEG_0, DEG_1, DEG_2, DEG_3, DEG_4 }
147};
148
149
150
151
152/* Initialize the random number generator based on the given seed. If the
153 type is the trivial no-state-information type, just remember the seed.
154 Otherwise, initializes state[] based on the given "seed" via a linear
155 congruential generator. Then, the pointers are set to known locations
156 that are exactly rand_sep places apart. Lastly, it cycles the state
157 information a given number of times to get rid of any initial dependencies
158 introduced by the L.C.R.N.G. Note that the initialization of randtbl[]
159 for default usage relies on values produced by this routine. */
160int
161__srandom_r (unsigned int seed, struct random_data *buf)
162{
163 int type;
164 int32_t *state;
165 long int i;
166 int32_t word;
167 int32_t *dst;
168 int kc;
169
170 if (buf == NULL)
171 goto fail;
172 type = buf->rand_type;
173 if ((unsigned int) type >= MAX_TYPES)
174 goto fail;
175
176 state = buf->state;
177 /* We must make sure the seed is not 0. Take arbitrarily 1 in this case. */
178 if (seed == 0)
179 seed = 1;
180 state[0] = seed;
181 if (type == TYPE_0)
182 goto done;
183
184 dst = state;
185 word = seed;
186 kc = buf->rand_deg;
187 for (i = 1; i < kc; ++i)
188 {
189 /* This does:
190 state[i] = (16807 * state[i - 1]) % 2147483647;
191 but avoids overflowing 31 bits. */
192 long int hi = word / 127773;
193 long int lo = word % 127773;
194 word = 16807 * lo - 2836 * hi;
195 if (word < 0)
196 word += 2147483647;
197 *++dst = word;
198 }
199
200 buf->fptr = &state[buf->rand_sep];
201 buf->rptr = &state[0];
202 kc *= 10;
203 while (--kc >= 0)
204 {
205 int32_t discard;
206 (void) __random_r (buf, &discard);
207 }
208
209 done:
210 return 0;
211
212 fail:
213 return -1;
214}
215
216weak_alias (__srandom_r, srandom_r)
217
218/* Initialize the state information in the given array of N bytes for
219 future random number generation. Based on the number of bytes we
220 are given, and the break values for the different R.N.G.'s, we choose
221 the best (largest) one we can and set things up for it. srandom is
222 then called to initialize the state information. Note that on return
223 from srandom, we set state[-1] to be the type multiplexed with the current
224 value of the rear pointer; this is so successive calls to initstate won't
225 lose this information and will be able to restart with setstate.
226 Note: The first thing we do is save the current state, if any, just like
227 setstate so that it doesn't matter when initstate is called.
228 Returns 0 on success, non-zero on failure. */
229int
230__initstate_r (unsigned int seed, char *arg_state, size_t n,
231 struct random_data *buf)
232{
233 if (buf == NULL)
234 goto fail;
235
236 int32_t *old_state = buf->state;
237 if (old_state != NULL)
238 {
239 int old_type = buf->rand_type;
240 if (old_type == TYPE_0)
241 old_state[-1] = TYPE_0;
242 else
243 old_state[-1] = (MAX_TYPES * (buf->rptr - old_state)) + old_type;
244 }
245
246 int type;
247 if (n >= BREAK_3)
248 type = n < BREAK_4 ? TYPE_3 : TYPE_4;
249 else if (n < BREAK_1)
250 {
251 if (n < BREAK_0)
252 goto fail;
253
254 type = TYPE_0;
255 }
256 else
257 type = n < BREAK_2 ? TYPE_1 : TYPE_2;
258
259 int degree = random_poly_info.degrees[type];
260 int separation = random_poly_info.seps[type];
261
262 buf->rand_type = type;
263 buf->rand_sep = separation;
264 buf->rand_deg = degree;
265 int32_t *state = &((int32_t *) arg_state)[1]; /* First location. */
266 /* Must set END_PTR before srandom. */
267 buf->end_ptr = &state[degree];
268
269 buf->state = state;
270
271 __srandom_r (seed, buf);
272
273 state[-1] = TYPE_0;
274 if (type != TYPE_0)
275 state[-1] = (buf->rptr - state) * MAX_TYPES + type;
276
277 return 0;
278
279 fail:
280 __set_errno (EINVAL);
281 return -1;
282}
283
284weak_alias (__initstate_r, initstate_r)
285
286/* Restore the state from the given state array.
287 Note: It is important that we also remember the locations of the pointers
288 in the current state information, and restore the locations of the pointers
289 from the old state information. This is done by multiplexing the pointer
290 location into the zeroth word of the state information. Note that due
291 to the order in which things are done, it is OK to call setstate with the
292 same state as the current state
293 Returns 0 on success, non-zero on failure. */
294int
295__setstate_r (char *arg_state, struct random_data *buf)
296{
297 int32_t *new_state = 1 + (int32_t *) arg_state;
298 int type;
299 int old_type;
300 int32_t *old_state;
301 int degree;
302 int separation;
303
304 if (arg_state == NULL || buf == NULL)
305 goto fail;
306
307 old_type = buf->rand_type;
308 old_state = buf->state;
309 if (old_type == TYPE_0)
310 old_state[-1] = TYPE_0;
311 else
312 old_state[-1] = (MAX_TYPES * (buf->rptr - old_state)) + old_type;
313
314 type = new_state[-1] % MAX_TYPES;
315 if (type < TYPE_0 || type > TYPE_4)
316 goto fail;
317
318 buf->rand_deg = degree = random_poly_info.degrees[type];
319 buf->rand_sep = separation = random_poly_info.seps[type];
320 buf->rand_type = type;
321
322 if (type != TYPE_0)
323 {
324 int rear = new_state[-1] / MAX_TYPES;
325 buf->rptr = &new_state[rear];
326 buf->fptr = &new_state[(rear + separation) % degree];
327 }
328 buf->state = new_state;
329 /* Set end_ptr too. */
330 buf->end_ptr = &new_state[degree];
331
332 return 0;
333
334 fail:
335 __set_errno (EINVAL);
336 return -1;
337}
338
339weak_alias (__setstate_r, setstate_r)
340
341/* If we are using the trivial TYPE_0 R.N.G., just do the old linear
342 congruential bit. Otherwise, we do our fancy trinomial stuff, which is the
343 same in all the other cases due to all the global variables that have been
344 set up. The basic operation is to add the number at the rear pointer into
345 the one at the front pointer. Then both pointers are advanced to the next
346 location cyclically in the table. The value returned is the sum generated,
347 reduced to 31 bits by throwing away the "least random" low bit.
348 Note: The code takes advantage of the fact that both the front and
349 rear pointers can't wrap on the same call by not testing the rear
350 pointer if the front one has wrapped. Returns a 31-bit random number. */
351
352int
353__random_r (struct random_data *buf, int32_t *result)
354{
355 int32_t *state;
356
357 if (buf == NULL || result == NULL)
358 goto fail;
359
360 state = buf->state;
361
362 if (buf->rand_type == TYPE_0)
363 {
364 int32_t val = ((state[0] * 1103515245U) + 12345U) & 0x7fffffff;
365 state[0] = val;
366 *result = val;
367 }
368 else
369 {
370 int32_t *fptr = buf->fptr;
371 int32_t *rptr = buf->rptr;
372 int32_t *end_ptr = buf->end_ptr;
373 uint32_t val;
374
375 val = *fptr += (uint32_t) *rptr;
376 /* Chucking least random bit. */
377 *result = val >> 1;
378 ++fptr;
379 if (fptr >= end_ptr)
380 {
381 fptr = state;
382 ++rptr;
383 }
384 else
385 {
386 ++rptr;
387 if (rptr >= end_ptr)
388 rptr = state;
389 }
390 buf->fptr = fptr;
391 buf->rptr = rptr;
392 }
393 return 0;
394
395 fail:
396 __set_errno (EINVAL);
397 return -1;
398}
399
400weak_alias (__random_r, random_r)
401

source code of glibc/stdlib/random_r.c