1/* Declarations for -*- C++ -*- name lookup routines.
2 Copyright (C) 2003-2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
3 Contributed by Gabriel Dos Reis <gdr@integrable-solutions.net>
4
5This file is part of GCC.
6
7GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
8it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
9the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
10any later version.
11
12GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
15GNU General Public License for more details.
16
17You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
18along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see
19<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
20
21#ifndef GCC_CP_NAME_LOOKUP_H
22#define GCC_CP_NAME_LOOKUP_H
23
24#include "c-family/c-common.h"
25
26
27/* The datatype used to implement C++ scope. */
28struct cp_binding_level;
29
30/* Nonzero if this binding is for a local scope, as opposed to a class
31 or namespace scope. */
32#define LOCAL_BINDING_P(NODE) ((NODE)->is_local)
33
34/* True if NODE->value is from a base class of the class which is
35 currently being defined. */
36#define INHERITED_VALUE_BINDING_P(NODE) ((NODE)->value_is_inherited)
37
38/* The IMPLICIT_TYPEDEF is hidden from ordinary name lookup (it was
39 injected via a local class's friend decl). The typdef may be in the
40 VALUE or the TYPE slot. We do not get the situation where the
41 value and type slots are both filled and both hidden. */
42#define HIDDEN_TYPE_BINDING_P(NODE) ((NODE)->type_is_hidden)
43
44/* Datatype that represents binding established by a declaration between
45 a name and a C++ entity. */
46struct GTY(()) cxx_binding {
47 /* Link to chain together various bindings for this name. */
48 cxx_binding *previous;
49 /* The non-type entity this name is bound to. */
50 tree value;
51 /* The type entity this name is bound to. */
52 tree type;
53 /* The scope at which this binding was made. */
54 cp_binding_level *scope;
55
56 bool value_is_inherited : 1;
57 bool is_local : 1;
58 bool type_is_hidden : 1;
59};
60
61/* Datatype used to temporarily save C++ bindings (for implicit
62 instantiations purposes and like). Implemented in decl.cc. */
63struct GTY(()) cxx_saved_binding {
64 /* The name of the current binding. */
65 tree identifier;
66 /* The binding we're saving. */
67 cxx_binding *binding;
68 tree real_type_value;
69};
70
71/* To support lazy module loading, we squirrel away a section number
72 (and a couple of flags) in the binding slot of unloaded bindings.
73 We rely on pointers being aligned and setting the bottom bit to
74 mark a lazy value. GTY doesn't like an array of union, so we have
75 a containing struct. */
76
77struct GTY(()) binding_slot {
78 union GTY((desc ("%1.is_lazy ()"))) binding_slot_lazy {
79 tree GTY((tag ("false"))) binding;
80 } u;
81
82 operator tree & ()
83 {
84 gcc_checking_assert (!is_lazy ());
85 return u.binding;
86 }
87 binding_slot &operator= (tree t)
88 {
89 u.binding = t;
90 return *this;
91 }
92 bool is_lazy () const
93 {
94 return bool (uintptr_t (u.binding) & 1);
95 }
96 void set_lazy (unsigned snum)
97 {
98 gcc_checking_assert (!u.binding);
99 u.binding = tree (uintptr_t ((snum << 1) | 1));
100 }
101 void or_lazy (unsigned snum)
102 {
103 gcc_checking_assert (is_lazy ());
104 u.binding = tree (uintptr_t (u.binding) | (snum << 1));
105 }
106 unsigned get_lazy () const
107 {
108 gcc_checking_assert (is_lazy ());
109 return unsigned (uintptr_t (u.binding) >> 1);
110 }
111};
112
113/* Bindings for modules are held in a sparse array. There is always a
114 current TU slot, others are allocated as needed. By construction
115 of the importing mechanism we only ever need to append to the
116 array. Rather than have straight index/slot tuples, we bunch them
117 up for greater packing.
118
119 The cluster representation packs well on a 64-bit system. */
120
121#define BINDING_VECTOR_SLOTS_PER_CLUSTER 2
122struct binding_index {
123 unsigned short base;
124 unsigned short span;
125};
126
127struct GTY(()) binding_cluster
128{
129 binding_index GTY((skip)) indices[BINDING_VECTOR_SLOTS_PER_CLUSTER];
130 binding_slot slots[BINDING_VECTOR_SLOTS_PER_CLUSTER];
131};
132
133/* These two fields overlay lang flags. So don't use those. */
134#define BINDING_VECTOR_ALLOC_CLUSTERS(NODE) \
135 (BINDING_VECTOR_CHECK (NODE)->base.u.dependence_info.clique)
136#define BINDING_VECTOR_NUM_CLUSTERS(NODE) \
137 (BINDING_VECTOR_CHECK (NODE)->base.u.dependence_info.base)
138#define BINDING_VECTOR_CLUSTER_BASE(NODE) \
139 (((tree_binding_vec *)BINDING_VECTOR_CHECK (NODE))->vec)
140#define BINDING_VECTOR_CLUSTER_LAST(NODE) \
141 (&BINDING_VECTOR_CLUSTER (NODE, BINDING_VECTOR_NUM_CLUSTERS (NODE) - 1))
142#define BINDING_VECTOR_CLUSTER(NODE,IX) \
143 (((tree_binding_vec *)BINDING_VECTOR_CHECK (NODE))->vec[IX])
144
145struct GTY(()) tree_binding_vec {
146 struct tree_base base;
147 tree name;
148 binding_cluster GTY((length ("%h.base.u.dependence_info.base"))) vec[1];
149};
150
151/* The name of a module vector. */
152#define BINDING_VECTOR_NAME(NODE) \
153 (((tree_binding_vec *)BINDING_VECTOR_CHECK (NODE))->name)
154
155/* tree_binding_vec does uses base.u.dependence_info.base field for
156 length. It does not have lang_flag etc available! */
157
158/* These two flags note if a module-vector contains deduplicated
159 bindings (i.e. multiple declarations in different imports). */
160/* This binding contains duplicate references to a global module
161 entity. */
162#define BINDING_VECTOR_GLOBAL_DUPS_P(NODE) \
163 (BINDING_VECTOR_CHECK (NODE)->base.static_flag)
164/* This binding contains duplicate references to a partioned module
165 entity. */
166#define BINDING_VECTOR_PARTITION_DUPS_P(NODE) \
167 (BINDING_VECTOR_CHECK (NODE)->base.volatile_flag)
168
169/* These two flags indicate the provenence of the bindings on this
170 particular vector slot. We can of course determine this from slot
171 number, but that's a relatively expensive lookup. This avoids
172 that when iterating. */
173/* This slot is part of the global module (a header unit). */
174#define MODULE_BINDING_GLOBAL_P(NODE) \
175 (OVERLOAD_CHECK (NODE)->base.static_flag)
176/* This slot is part of the current module (a partition or primary). */
177#define MODULE_BINDING_PARTITION_P(NODE) \
178 (OVERLOAD_CHECK (NODE)->base.volatile_flag)
179
180extern void set_identifier_type_value (tree, tree);
181extern void push_binding (tree, tree, cp_binding_level*);
182extern void pop_local_binding (tree, tree);
183extern void pop_bindings_and_leave_scope (void);
184extern tree constructor_name (tree);
185extern bool constructor_name_p (tree, tree);
186
187/* The kinds of scopes we recognize. */
188enum scope_kind {
189 sk_block = 0, /* An ordinary block scope. This enumerator must
190 have the value zero because "cp_binding_level"
191 is initialized by using "memset" to set the
192 contents to zero, and the default scope kind
193 is "sk_block". */
194 sk_cleanup, /* A scope for (pseudo-)scope for cleanup. It is
195 pseudo in that it is transparent to name lookup
196 activities. */
197 sk_try, /* A try-block. */
198 sk_catch, /* A catch-block. */
199 sk_for, /* The scope of the variable declared in a
200 init-statement. */
201 sk_cond, /* The scope of the variable declared in the condition
202 of an if or switch statement. */
203 sk_function_parms, /* The scope containing function parameters. */
204 sk_class, /* The scope containing the members of a class. */
205 sk_scoped_enum, /* The scope containing the enumerators of a C++11
206 scoped enumeration. */
207 sk_namespace, /* The scope containing the members of a
208 namespace, including the global scope. */
209 sk_template_parms, /* A scope for template parameters. */
210 sk_template_spec, /* Like sk_template_parms, but for an explicit
211 specialization. Since, by definition, an
212 explicit specialization is introduced by
213 "template <>", this scope is always empty. */
214 sk_transaction, /* A synchronized or atomic statement. */
215 sk_omp /* An OpenMP structured block. */
216};
217
218struct GTY(()) cp_class_binding {
219 cxx_binding *base;
220 /* The bound name. */
221 tree identifier;
222};
223
224/* For each binding contour we allocate a binding_level structure
225 which records the names defined in that contour.
226 Contours include:
227 0) the global one
228 1) one for each function definition,
229 where internal declarations of the parameters appear.
230 2) one for each compound statement,
231 to record its declarations.
232
233 The current meaning of a name can be found by searching the levels
234 from the current one out to the global one.
235
236 Off to the side, may be the class_binding_level. This exists only
237 to catch class-local declarations. It is otherwise nonexistent.
238
239 Also there may be binding levels that catch cleanups that must be
240 run when exceptions occur. Thus, to see whether a name is bound in
241 the current scope, it is not enough to look in the
242 CURRENT_BINDING_LEVEL. You should use lookup_name_current_level
243 instead. */
244
245struct GTY(()) cp_binding_level {
246 /* A chain of _DECL nodes for all variables, constants, functions,
247 and typedef types. These are in the reverse of the order
248 supplied. There may be OVERLOADs on this list, too, but they
249 are wrapped in TREE_LISTs; the TREE_VALUE is the OVERLOAD. */
250 tree names;
251
252 /* Using directives. */
253 vec<tree, va_gc> *using_directives;
254
255 /* For the binding level corresponding to a class, the entities
256 declared in the class or its base classes. */
257 vec<cp_class_binding, va_gc> *class_shadowed;
258
259 /* Similar to class_shadowed, but for IDENTIFIER_TYPE_VALUE, and
260 is used for all binding levels. The TREE_PURPOSE is the name of
261 the entity, the TREE_TYPE is the associated type. In addition
262 the TREE_VALUE is the IDENTIFIER_TYPE_VALUE before we entered
263 the class. */
264 tree type_shadowed;
265
266 /* For each level (except not the global one),
267 a chain of BLOCK nodes for all the levels
268 that were entered and exited one level down. */
269 tree blocks;
270
271 /* The entity (namespace, class, function) the scope of which this
272 binding contour corresponds to. Otherwise NULL. */
273 tree this_entity;
274
275 /* The binding level which this one is contained in (inherits from). */
276 cp_binding_level *level_chain;
277
278 /* STATEMENT_LIST for statements in this binding contour.
279 Only used at present for SK_CLEANUP temporary bindings. */
280 tree statement_list;
281
282 /* Binding depth at which this level began. */
283 int binding_depth;
284
285 /* The kind of scope that this object represents. However, a
286 SK_TEMPLATE_SPEC scope is represented with KIND set to
287 SK_TEMPLATE_PARMS and EXPLICIT_SPEC_P set to true. */
288 ENUM_BITFIELD (scope_kind) kind : 4;
289
290 /* True if this scope is an SK_TEMPLATE_SPEC scope. This field is
291 only valid if KIND == SK_TEMPLATE_PARMS. */
292 BOOL_BITFIELD explicit_spec_p : 1;
293
294 /* true means make a BLOCK for this level regardless of all else. */
295 unsigned keep : 1;
296
297 /* Nonzero if this level can safely have additional
298 cleanup-needing variables added to it. */
299 unsigned more_cleanups_ok : 1;
300 unsigned have_cleanups : 1;
301
302 /* Transient state set if this scope is of sk_class kind
303 and is in the process of defining 'this_entity'. Reset
304 on leaving the class definition to allow for the scope
305 to be subsequently re-used as a non-defining scope for
306 'this_entity'. */
307 unsigned defining_class_p : 1;
308
309 /* true for SK_FUNCTION_PARMS of immediate functions. */
310 unsigned immediate_fn_ctx_p : 1;
311
312 /* True for SK_FUNCTION_PARMS of a requires-expression. */
313 unsigned requires_expression: 1;
314
315 /* 21 bits left to fill a 32-bit word. */
316};
317
318/* The binding level currently in effect. */
319
320#define current_binding_level \
321 (*(cfun && cp_function_chain && cp_function_chain->bindings \
322 ? &cp_function_chain->bindings \
323 : &scope_chain->bindings))
324
325/* The binding level of the current class, if any. */
326
327#define class_binding_level scope_chain->class_bindings
328
329/* True if SCOPE designates the global scope binding contour. */
330#define global_scope_p(SCOPE) \
331 ((SCOPE) == NAMESPACE_LEVEL (global_namespace))
332
333extern cp_binding_level *leave_scope (void);
334extern bool kept_level_p (void);
335extern bool global_bindings_p (void);
336extern bool toplevel_bindings_p (void);
337extern bool namespace_bindings_p (void);
338extern bool local_bindings_p (void);
339extern bool template_parm_scope_p (void);
340extern scope_kind innermost_scope_kind (void);
341extern cp_binding_level *begin_scope (scope_kind, tree);
342extern void print_binding_stack (void);
343extern void pop_everything (void);
344extern void keep_next_level (bool);
345extern bool is_ancestor (tree ancestor, tree descendant);
346extern bool is_nested_namespace (tree parent, tree descendant,
347 bool inline_only = false);
348extern tree push_scope (tree);
349extern void pop_scope (tree);
350extern tree push_inner_scope (tree);
351extern void pop_inner_scope (tree, tree);
352extern void push_binding_level (cp_binding_level *);
353
354extern bool handle_namespace_attrs (tree, tree);
355extern void pushlevel_class (void);
356extern void poplevel_class (void);
357
358/* What kind of scopes name lookup looks in. An enum class so we
359 don't accidentally mix integers. */
360enum class LOOK_where
361{
362 BLOCK = 1 << 0, /* Consider block scopes. */
363 CLASS = 1 << 1, /* Consider class scopes. */
364 NAMESPACE = 1 << 2, /* Consider namespace scopes. */
365
366 ALL = BLOCK | CLASS | NAMESPACE,
367 BLOCK_NAMESPACE = BLOCK | NAMESPACE,
368 CLASS_NAMESPACE = CLASS | NAMESPACE,
369};
370constexpr LOOK_where operator| (LOOK_where a, LOOK_where b)
371{
372 return LOOK_where (unsigned (a) | unsigned (b));
373}
374constexpr LOOK_where operator& (LOOK_where a, LOOK_where b)
375{
376 return LOOK_where (unsigned (a) & unsigned (b));
377}
378
379enum class LOOK_want
380{
381 NORMAL = 0, /* Normal lookup -- non-types can hide implicit types. */
382 TYPE = 1 << 1, /* We only want TYPE_DECLS. */
383 NAMESPACE = 1 << 2, /* We only want NAMESPACE_DECLS. */
384
385 HIDDEN_FRIEND = 1 << 3, /* See hidden friends. */
386 HIDDEN_LAMBDA = 1 << 4, /* See lambda-ignored entities. */
387
388 TYPE_NAMESPACE = TYPE | NAMESPACE, /* Either NAMESPACE or TYPE. */
389};
390constexpr LOOK_want operator| (LOOK_want a, LOOK_want b)
391{
392 return LOOK_want (unsigned (a) | unsigned (b));
393}
394constexpr LOOK_want operator& (LOOK_want a, LOOK_want b)
395{
396 return LOOK_want (unsigned (a) & unsigned (b));
397}
398
399extern tree lookup_name (tree, LOOK_where, LOOK_want = LOOK_want::NORMAL);
400/* Also declared in c-family/c-common.h. */
401extern tree lookup_name (tree name);
402inline tree lookup_name (tree name, LOOK_want want)
403{
404 return lookup_name (name, LOOK_where::ALL, want);
405}
406
407enum class TAG_how
408{
409 CURRENT_ONLY = 0, // Look and insert only in current scope
410
411 GLOBAL = 1, // Unqualified lookup, innermost-non-class insertion
412
413 INNERMOST_NON_CLASS = 2, // Look and insert only into
414 // innermost-non-class
415
416 HIDDEN_FRIEND = 3, // As INNERMOST_NON_CLASS, but hide it
417};
418
419extern tree lookup_elaborated_type (tree, TAG_how);
420extern tree get_namespace_binding (tree ns, tree id);
421extern void set_global_binding (tree decl);
422inline tree get_global_binding (tree id)
423{
424 return get_namespace_binding (NULL_TREE, id);
425}
426extern tree lookup_qualified_name (tree scope, tree name,
427 LOOK_want = LOOK_want::NORMAL,
428 bool = true);
429extern tree lookup_qualified_name (tree scope, const char *name,
430 LOOK_want = LOOK_want::NORMAL,
431 bool = true);
432extern bool pushdecl_class_level (tree);
433extern tree pushdecl_namespace_level (tree, bool hiding = false);
434extern bool push_class_level_binding (tree, tree);
435extern tree get_local_decls ();
436extern int function_parm_depth (void);
437extern tree cp_namespace_decls (tree);
438extern void set_decl_namespace (tree, tree, bool);
439extern void push_decl_namespace (tree);
440extern void pop_decl_namespace (void);
441extern void do_namespace_alias (tree, tree);
442extern tree do_class_using_decl (tree, tree);
443extern tree lookup_arg_dependent (tree, tree, vec<tree, va_gc> *);
444extern tree search_anon_aggr (tree, tree, bool = false);
445extern tree get_class_binding_direct (tree, tree, bool want_type = false);
446extern tree get_class_binding (tree, tree, bool want_type = false);
447extern tree *find_member_slot (tree klass, tree name);
448extern tree *add_member_slot (tree klass, tree name);
449extern void resort_type_member_vec (void *, void *,
450 gt_pointer_operator, void *);
451extern vec<tree, va_gc> *set_class_bindings (tree, int extra = 0);
452extern void insert_late_enum_def_bindings (tree, tree);
453extern tree innermost_non_namespace_value (tree);
454extern cxx_binding *outer_binding (tree, cxx_binding *, bool);
455extern void cp_emit_debug_info_for_using (tree, tree);
456
457extern void finish_nonmember_using_decl (tree scope, tree name);
458extern void finish_using_directive (tree target, tree attribs);
459void push_local_extern_decl_alias (tree decl);
460extern tree pushdecl (tree, bool hiding = false);
461extern tree pushdecl_outermost_localscope (tree);
462extern tree pushdecl_top_level (tree);
463extern tree pushdecl_top_level_and_finish (tree, tree);
464extern tree pushtag (tree, tree, TAG_how = TAG_how::CURRENT_ONLY);
465extern int push_namespace (tree, bool make_inline = false);
466extern void pop_namespace (void);
467extern void push_nested_namespace (tree);
468extern void pop_nested_namespace (tree);
469extern void push_to_top_level (void);
470extern void pop_from_top_level (void);
471extern void push_using_decl_bindings (tree, tree);
472
473/* Lower level interface for modules. */
474extern tree *mergeable_namespace_slots (tree ns, tree name, bool is_attached,
475 tree *mvec);
476extern void add_mergeable_namespace_entity (tree *slot, tree decl);
477extern tree lookup_class_binding (tree ctx, tree name);
478extern bool import_module_binding (tree ctx, tree name, unsigned mod,
479 unsigned snum);
480extern bool set_module_binding (tree ctx, tree name, unsigned mod,
481 int mod_glob_flag,
482 tree value, tree type, tree visible);
483extern void add_module_namespace_decl (tree ns, tree decl);
484
485enum WMB_Flags
486{
487 WMB_None = 0,
488 WMB_Dups = 1 << 0,
489 WMB_Export = 1 << 1,
490 WMB_Using = 1 << 2,
491 WMB_Hidden = 1 << 3,
492};
493
494extern unsigned walk_module_binding (tree binding, bitmap partitions,
495 bool (*)(tree decl, WMB_Flags, void *data),
496 void *data);
497extern tree add_imported_namespace (tree ctx, tree name, location_t,
498 unsigned module,
499 bool inline_p, bool visible_p);
500extern const char *get_cxx_dialect_name (enum cxx_dialect dialect);
501
502#endif /* GCC_CP_NAME_LOOKUP_H */
503

source code of gcc/cp/name-lookup.h